Poland is an eastern European country with medieval architecture and Jewish heritage. The vibrant capital city of Warsaw includes museums, shopping, and the Warsaw Uprising District, the city`s WWII-era resistance to German occupation. Krakow, the other major city, has the 14th century Wawel Castle rising above the city center. Bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted by the forces of regional history. Restored as a nation in 1918, but ravaged by two world wars, Poland suffered tremendously throughout the course of the 20th century. World War II was particularly damaging, as Poland`s historically strong Jewish population was almost entirely annihilated in the Holocaust. Millions of non-Jewish Poles also died, victims of more partition and conquest. The Jewish population has now continued to grow and the majority of Poland has an 80% Catholic population.